Peanuts - is grass, forming underground fruits similar to thick pea pods.
Peanuts are native to Brazil, and the first cultivated varieties of peanuts appeared before the Incas. In the XVI century, it was brought to Africa and China, and now cultivated in all countries with a warm, pleasant climate. Peanuts are known as a nut, in fact it is a tropical plant grass seed. In light brown shell is somewhat yellowish grains, covered with red or pink skin.
Another version of the origin of peanuts - In one of the parts of Peru were discovered graves. When the graves were excavated, they found a peanut or peanut. He was thousands of years. Except for the nut, there was tableware decorated with his image. So we decided that the birthplace of the peanut is South America. From there, he got to Africa, and then in the U.S.. Each year in the United States is grown over 450 million kg of peanuts. Yield almost 400,000 hectares fed to pigs.
Peanuts are not only tasty, but also useful: it contains unique amino acids, vitamins A, D, E, B1, B2, PP, E, biotin, lionolevaya polyunsaturated acid, vegetable fats. Peanut proteins are characterized by an optimal ratio of amino acids, so they are well absorbed by the body. It is a good source of folic acid, which promotes the growth and regeneration of cells.
The latest research has shown that dietary fiber peanut help prevent some forms of cancer, and regular consumption of peanuts can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Peanuts can compensate for the lack of protein, helps with diathesis, prevents sclerosis, helps with insomnia, it has a calming effect with increased nervous excitability and tonic - with a breakdown.
In this case, peanuts - a unique supplement.
Due to its valuable qualities peanuts and products derived from them, are widely used in the food industry.
The seeds of peanuts contains about 50% fat and 30% protein, the majority required for the body of vitamins and minerals. While 80% are unsaturated fatty acids, the use of which greatly reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood. Peanut products are very popular with vegetarians and people who have different diets. Many nutritionists sing useful properties of peanuts and peanut diet has fans among the shows and modeling. Many top models sure to maintain the desired shape helps them exactly peanuts.
Medical and nutritional value of peanuts:
• beneficial effect on sexual potency;
• improve memory and attention;
• improves auditory sensitivity;
• useful for very exhausted and serious illness.
A substance that is rich in peanuts, are necessary, and in large quantities for the normal functioning of the nervous tissue, heart, liver and other organs and systems.
With prolonged dry cough roasted peanuts should give the baby with boiled rice several times a day.
Peanuts can be eaten raw, but he and tastier after moderate roasting in the oven. After a special heat treatment short peanut kernels easily released from the skin, rich in crude dietary fiber, not only hindering the splitting of proteins and starch.
Shredded roasted peanuts used to make caramel nut toppings, candy, halva, confectionery. Crushed and whole peanut kernel is used in the manufacture of chocolate with nuts, roasting and oriental sweets are included in many of confectionery: cakes, pies, cookies, candy. Raw peanuts are sometimes used in the production of marzipan figures.
Buying peanuts, be sure to check its freshness. Fungus sometimes settle on the surface, produces toxins that are entering the human body, can affect any body weakened. Most often roasted peanuts before eating, often salted or sprinkled with sugar. The greater part of the nut is used to get the oil. On food quality is superior to many vegetable oils, it is also used for high quality margarine, chocolate.